Experience a day in Pompeii

When the great Mount Vesuvius rumbled in A.D. 62, shaking down rooftops and cracking walls in the city of Pompeii that lay in its shadow, the people of Pompeii rebuilt their walls and covered their structures with new roofs. Seventeen years later, when the great volcano spewed its fury down, the city of Pompeii crumbled and burned. So did the citizens who were unable to flee. Within a day from the first rumblings, the once-great Pompeii was buried under 12 feet of ash.  Eventually, it was forgotten.

The events of Pompeii are facts, but in many ways they feel more like myth or legend. Over the years, Archaeologists have brought the A.D. 79  thriving city back to life. And now, and with the help of The Cincinnati Museum Center, we are all able to experience “A Day in Pompeii.”

Bacchus, Roman god of wine

The volcano eruption that destroyed Pompeii also preserved it where it lay sleeping until a farmer digging a well struck the ancient theater of Herculaneum and found ancient marble sculptures in the early 1700s.

Bust of Cornelius Rufus

This statue was likely commissioned as a memorial to the individual depicted. Unlike the Romans’ tendency to idealize the human body, this sculpture shows the lines and wrinkles of an aging man.

Alabaster cremation urn

This might be my favorite piece in the exhibit, although the radiance of alabaster is difficult to capture in a photo. It was carved from a single block of alabaster.

Replica of marble relief — Mercury, messenger of the Gods and patron of travelers

In many ways, this exhibit reminded me of our trip to Italy,

Replica of marble relief — Minerva, virgin goddess of warriors, poetry, medicine, wisdom, commerce, and crafts

for good reason I suppose, with all the sculptures of the Roman gods.

Fresco of Bacchus and his love Ariadne

Frescos made by painting on top of fresh plaster decorated the walls of Pompeii, similar to those seen in historic sites all over Italy.

Maybe I’ve watched one too many episodes of “Bones,” because I completely understood when the sign explained that these are facial reconstructions made from the skulls found at the house of Marcus Julius Polybius. It’s a little disconcerting to look at someone’s face who you know was a victim of great tragedy. They can’t tell us their story. We can only guess from the items they left behind.

Portable oven

Whenever possible, cooking and baking was done outside of the dwelling places. Possibly also used to bake bread, this portable stove would have been carried outside. When a fire was built in the bottom, a meal could be cooked on top.

Portable stove

A charcoal fire would have been built on the flat base of this portable stove allowing pots and pans to be placed above the curved sections. A griddle could be added on top of the coals to cook fish and meat.

Water container

This container may have held drinking water for a family. Some containers and water pipes were made from lead because it is a soft metal and easily shaped. Now we know that lead can be deadly.

Gladiator helmet

This helmet would have been worn by a gladiator at Pompeii’s amphitheater. It would have held a plume of feathers or horsehair on the crest on top. A set of bronze gladiator shin guards were also on display in this exhibit.

Wine containers

No ancient Roman household would be complete without wine amphoras. The standard amphora was designed to hold one cubic foot of wine. The little one must have been a trial size.

Burial objects

Here are some of the objects found beside burial urns to accompany the person to the Underworld.

Memento Mori Mosaic (Remember your mortality)

Pompeii was a city with many affluent people who owned statues and homes decorated with mosaics and frescoes. As you might expect, many of them had jewelry.

Necklace

This rope chain necklace could be worn crisscrossed over the chest and back, or looped several times around the neck.

Gold arm bands

These gold arm bands were found in a building believed to be a brothel. They were still around the skeletal arms of two young women.

Reconstructed loaf of bread

This loaf of bread is a plaster copy from a carbonized original. The wealthy ate leavened bread with every meal. The poor could not afford bread made with yeast and ate hard unleavened bread similar to pita.

Herma and garden wall fresco

These herma are made from marble. Herma typically depicted the Greek god Hermes, patron of travelers. Herma stood as pillars at street corners. In the background you can see the large fresco that covered a garden wall.

As part of the “A Day in Pompeii” exhibit, a time-lapsed mult-media room recreates the sights, sounds and then silence of the city’s final hours from the time the walls first shook in the morning of the fateful day, through the barrage of hot ash and the ensuing fires, to the blast of ash that covered the city in the final hours.

Cast of skeletal remains at Herculaneum

Pompeii was not the only city in the path of Vesuvius’ destruction. Herculaneum, four miles to the north, was also destroyed.  Many people who fled the burning city took refuge in boat houses near the sea waiting for rescue. They were killed by a pyroclastic surge of ash and hot gases. These 32 people were found together. The group included nine children.

Close up of skeletal cast

A closer look at the back of the cast reveals an individual sitting with bent legs. He or she is apparently trying to protect the skull of the individual lying beneath.

The most moving part of the exhibit were the body casts of the victims of Vesuvius who refused, or were unable, to leave. These ill-fated individuals likely took shelter in buildings during the early part of the disaster. When the volcanic materials made it to the upper floors of the buildings they were in, they tried to escape across the layers of ash and stone accumulating on the ground.

During the next phase of the eruption with pyroclastic surges of scalding moist ash, these people were likely asphyxiated. The wet material encased their bodies where they fell, preserving detailed facial expressions and, at times, folds of clothing. When the bodies eventually decomposed, they left behind a cavity not unlike a mold. From this scientists were able to recreate the last moments of victims’ lives.

The body casts are at the end of the exhibit. I found them difficult to look at. There is a man reaching out to a woman when they died. There is a child. A young woman. A soldier sitting up, trying to protect his face with his cape (not pictured below). Real live human beings caught in the moment when time ended.

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A Day in Pompeii is an educational, fascinating, and moving exhibit. I hope you have the opportunity to experience it someday.

Active volcanoes in the United States of America

There are three active volcanoes in the continental United States: Mount St. Helens, Mount Ranier, and Yellowstone.

All information is from the brochures and signs of “A Day in Pompeii.”

The Cincinnati Museum Center, housed in an art deco masterpiece: the Cincinnati Union Terminal

Union Terminal in Cincinnati now houses the Cincinnati Museum center.

It’s hard not to notice the distinctive round shape of the Cincinnati Museum Center in the old Union Terminal building when you’re driving south on I-75 through Cincinnati.

This structure is considered by many to be an “art deco masterpiece,” (cincymuseum.org).

The Union Terminal was built in 1933 as a train station to provide a solution to the “city’s chaotic railroad system,” (cincymuseum.org). The curved wings on either side were used for taxi cabs and buses moving train passengers into and out of the terminal.

Now the curved wings are used as museum exhibition space.

During WWII the Union Terminal was a “major transfer point for soldiers,” (cincymuseum.org). After the war, during the occupation of Germany, my dad came through here as he made his way to Baumholder, Germany, courtesy of the USA army.

By the 1950s, with the growth of interstate and airline traffic, the train business declined to a point where it had halted altogether by 1972.

In the 1980s, the building was briefly used as a shopping center which soon failed. But the Cincinnati Museum of Natural History and the Cincinnati Historical Society banded together to save the structure and give it a useful purpose.

It opened in November of 1990 as the Cincinnati Museum Center.

In 1991 train service was restored when Amtrak added a Cincinnati stop to its Washington D.C. to Chicago route.

Duke Energy’s Children Museum joined the other two museums in the center in 1998.

If you’re not impressed enough with the exterior of the building, when you step into the spacious and stunning rotunda with its arcs of silver, yellow, and gold, you will be.

You can see a photo of the entire dome of the rotunda at the Cincinnati Museum Center’s Union Terminal page.

Originally 14 panels of huge color mosaics were created for the concourse and the rotunda. The mosaics installed in the concourse were moved to the airport in the 1970s when the concourse was torn down. They depicted scenes of local industries like P&G and U.S. Playing Cards.

The mosaics were designed by German-born Winold Reiss. The 12-ft foreground figures depict people working in America through the years.

The middle shows forms of transportation.

And the abstract background creates a changing landscape from fields to cities.

Water cascades down the steps of this fountain in front of the Museum Center during the warm months.

Our family has enjoyed many visits to the museums within this masterpiece. Our kid have played with the wooden riverboats along a recreated model of the river in the Cincinnati History museum. They’ve explored a glacier and a cave in the Natural History museum. We’ve seen Omnimax presentations and experienced the Titantic, King Tut’s Tomb, and Cleopatra through the excellent special exhibits the museum center periodically presents. In the next day or two I will be blogging about the Pompeii exhibit Mark and I just went to on Monday. You don’t want to miss it.

The Cincinnati Museum Center is definitely a must-see the next time you’re passing our way.

For more information, visit http://www.cincymuseum.org/.

 

See more posts about Cincinnati.

Cardinals – The Ohio state bird

The northern cardinal is a member of the finch family.

The male of this distinctive bird is easy to spot winter, spring, summer or fall.

The female with her muted colors is not as strikingly obvious.

I love seeing cardinals in a snow-covered landscape.

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For more bird photos, see my bird page under the wildlife tab above.

Welcome March, oh month who brings sweet spring!

The birds were singing outside my window when I first opened my eyes this morning.

I love March, even though we’ve been known to have freezing weather and snow in this third month of the year here in the Midwest.

I love March, because it is the herald of spring. And even if winter’s chill fingers still grip the earth, spring will not be held down.

We had tempestuous, stormy weather here a couple of days ago, which in three out of four years might have been the beginning of March.

I’m hoping Mother Nature forgot it was a leap year and that March rode in on that lion so it will go out like a lamb.

Oh happy day! March is here.

The Tufted Titmouse

Tufted titmouse - 01/14/2012

This little guy is one of my favorite birds. The first time I noticed one I thought it was some kind of small cardinal, primarily because of the shape of its head with the tuft on top.

The tufted titmouse is a soft gray color with a white belly that has a touch of rust right under its wings. The adult has a black mark right above its beak. It is a member of the Titmouse family which also includes variations of the chickadee. According to Peterson’s Field Guide to the Birds East of the Rockies, members of this family are “acrobatic when feeding” and the “sexes are usually alike.”

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For more bird photos, see my bird page under the wildlife tab above.